A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure for patients with end-stage renal failure. In this procedure, the donor’s kidney is connected to the external iliac artery and veins after the doctor cuts into the lower abdomen. The urethra is also connected to the kidneys for the urine to flow from the kidneys to the bladder. A healthy kidney is implanted within your body during a kidney transplant to perform the functions that your failing kidneys can no longer carry out. A successful kidney transplant may enable patients to resume their pre-kidney illness lifestyle.
According to studies, people who have kidney transplants live longer than those who continue to receive dialysis. India statistics on kidney transplantation, particularly kidney transplants in Mumbai, with several doctors with specialized renal transplant facilities.
What to expect after a kidney transplant?
After a kidney transplant, you need to take anti-rejection medications, which can have adverse effects. They may cause infections and some cancers. Even though most transplants are effective and increase life—span, a person’s longevity may differ from another’s.
It is important to diagnose the possibility of kidney failure. Kidney transplants in Mumbai are often performed when a donor’s kidney becomes available.
Does the evaluation process play a key role?
Yes, doctors do a thorough physical examination, evaluate your medical history, and run several tests and X-rays to determine your general state of health. All potential influences on the treatment will be examined. An extensive assessment is conducted before a transplant. To determine whether or not a person is a match and healthy enough to donate a kidney, they must also undergo screening. Children who have kidney illness must also undergo a transplant examination. Obtaining a suitable kidney is the next stage if the evaluation procedure indicates that a transplant is the best course of action.
Can age become an issue?
Undoubtedly, however, the hazards are reduced by using specific methods. For example, older people with additional medical issues such as diabetes can frequently have kidney transplants successfully. Understanding and managing hazards require careful evaluation. If the patient has diabetes, a deeper evaluation is conducted to determine the chances.
Are anti-rejection medicines a necessity?
Yes, because typically, it fights off anything that isn’t a part of itself, such as bacteria and viruses. Your immune system is that defense mechanism. Therefore, the likelihood that the patient’s body will reject the donor’s kidney is high. Take anti-rejection or immunosuppressive medications to restrain your immune system from overreacting to prevent the body from attacking or rejecting the donor’s kidney. As long as your new kidney is functioning, you must continue taking it. Without them, the immune system would attack and destroy the kidney since it would be perceived as a “foreign body.” There may be certain negative effects of anti-rejection medications.
Rejection of a new kidney is common
A rejection might not have any obvious symptoms or indicators. Because of this, it’s crucial to regularly undergo tests to see how effectively your kidneys are functioning. Some signs of rejection include fever, decreased urine production, weight gain, and pain in your kidney. The likelihood of experiencing rejection is highest immediately following surgery. This possibility will decrease with the time you have had a new kidney. Nowadays, rejections occur considerably less frequently. It is due to the numerous advancements made in immunosuppressive medications. But the possibility of rejection remains.
Need to follow a special diet
Transplant recipients should generally consume a heart-healthy diet (low fat, low salt) and plenty of water. However, some food limitations prescribed by the doctor may apply to diabetic individuals.
Does it impact sex life?
People with renal illness who haven’t had satisfying sexual encounters may start to feel better as a result. Fertility also tends to rise. Pregnancy should not occur too soon after a transplant for women. It is advisable that women wait a year or longer after the transplant to conceive. Every pregnancy must be planned, and the doctor’s instructions must be followed regarding medications.
- According to a survey done by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, the failure rate of kidney transplantation when the donor’s kidney is from a deceased recipient is 4% after a year.
- Within five years of the kidney transplant, the failure rate was 21%.
- The failure rate for people who get kidneys from live donors is 3% during the first year and 14% after five years.
The procedure’s execution has a significant impact on the likelihood of failure. Due to the availability of skilled medical personnel, India is said to have a reduced failure rate. As an illustration, a kidney transplant in Mumbai, India, demonstrated a superior capability of lowering the mortality rate for urgent surgical treatments.
In India, the cost of the procedure is substantially lower than in other nations, with highly competent doctors and the widespread availability of particular medications. Experts on kidney transplants in Mumbai provide an outstanding service at reasonable costs, however, you can also consult for kidney stone treatment in any best hospital.